Israel saknar såväl konstitution som grundlag; istället vilar juridiken på de så kallade baslagar som den lagstiftande makten löpande kan anta efter majoritetsbeslut

Landet saknar såväl konstitution som grundlag; istället vilar juridiken på de så kallade baslagar som den lagstiftande makten löpande kan anta efter majoritetsbeslut. Sett till bruttonationalprodukt (BNP) per invånare beräknas nationens ekonomi som den 26:e största i världen.    https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israel

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Parliamentary elections are scheduled every four years, but unstable coalitions or a no-confidence vote by the Knesset can dissolve a government earlier. The Basic Laws of Israel function as an uncodified constitution. In 2003, the Knesset began to draft an official constitution based on these laws.[8][348] The president of Israel is head of state, with limited and largely ceremonial duties.[345]

Israel has no official religion,[349][350][351] but the definition of the state as ”Jewish and democratic” creates a strong connection with Judaism, as well as a conflict between state law and religious law. Interaction between the political parties keeps the balance between state and religion largely as it existed during the British Mandate.[352]

 

Constitution of Israel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A document written in Hebre

Cover page for Israeli Constitution draft proposed by the Institute for Zionist Strategies

The State of Israel has an unwritten constitution. Instead of a formal written constitution, and in accordance with the Harari Decision (החלטת הררי) of 13 June 1950 adopted during the Israeli Constituent Assembly, the State of Israel has enacted several Basic Laws of Israel dealing with the government arrangements and with human rights. The Israeli Supreme Court President Aharon Barak ruled that the Basic Laws should be considered the state’s constitution, and that became the common approach throughout his tenure (1995-2006). Opponents of this approach include Barak’s colleague, Judge of the Supreme Court Mishael Cheshin.[clarification needed]

According to Israel’s proclamation of independence of May 14, 1948, a constituent assembly should have prepared a constitution by October 1, 1948. The delay and the eventual decision on June 13, 1950 to legislate a constitution chapter by chapter, resulted primarily from the inability of different groups in Israeli society to agree on the purpose of the state, on the state’s identity, and on a long-term vision. Another factor was the opposition of David Ben-Gurion himself.[1]

Various bodies in Israel have called for the enactment of a formal constitution as a single document, and have submitted ideas and drafts for consideration

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