Vilka länder kommer att följa Trump i Jerusalem frågan?

Which countries will follow Trump to Jerusalem?

Israel has launched a campaign to encourage nations to follow the US lead by recognizing Jerusalem as capital of the Jewish state and moving their embassies there.

By: Steve Leibowitz, World Israel News

While many nations condemned US President Donald Trump’s announcement recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, others are already following America’s lead and exploring the idea of beginning the process of moving their embassies.

Within hours of Trump’s landmark address, the Czech Republic and the Philippines were reportedly in contact with Israel’s foreign ministry to discuss the issue.

According to Israel Radio, the Czech Republic said Wednesday night that it “recognizes Jerusalem to be in fact the capital of Israel in the borders of the demarcation line from 1967.” The Czech Republic, together with other EU member states, following the EU Foreign Affairs Council conclusions, considers Jerusalem to be the future capital of both states, meaning the State of Israel and a future “State of Palestine.” Israel Radio also reported that Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte sent an official message to Jerusalem declaring that he wants to move his nation’s embassy.

Speaking off the record, a leading Israeli expert in international affairs told World Israel News (WIN), “I do not expect an avalanche of countries rushing to Jerusalem. But there are some nations, like the Czech Republic and the Philippines, that want to find favor either with Israel or the United States, each for its own reason. The Czechs are kind of mavericks and feel close to Israel.  The Philippines president is considered something of an international outlaw at present, widely criticized for mass extrajudicial killings, but he recently had a positive meeting with Trump and plans to visit Israel in May.”

Netanyahu optimistic about the future

The unnamed expert cited Macedonia, Hungary and Lithuania as very pro-Israel nations that may soon have an inkling to move their nations’ embassies.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is reportedly hopeful that several mostly Christian countries in Africa could be swayed to move their embassies.  A warming in ties with the continent has been reported following the Prime Minister’s recent visit to Kenya.

Netanyahu announced that Israel is already in contact with other friendly nations in an effort to get them to follow Trump’s lead. Speaking at the Foreign Ministry on Thursday, he said, “I would like to announce that we are already in contact with other countries which will issue a similar recognition.” Furthermore, “I have no doubt that the moment the American Embassy moves to Jerusalem, and even before then, there will be a movement of many embassies to Jerusalem. The time has come.” Netanyahu declined to name any of the countries with which the Foreign Ministry has been in touch.

Netanyahu, commenting on Trump’s speech, did not hold back on the hyperbole, saying, “President Trump has immortalized himself in the chronicles of our capital. His name will now be held aloft, alongside other names connected to the glorious history of Jerusalem and of our people.”

Most world leaders opposed to Trump’s message

Most world leaders speaking out on the issue were very much opposed to Trump’s message. France, Britain, Germany, Italy and Sweden were but a few of the leading nations issuing statements making it clear that they have no plans to move their embassies to Jerusalem. Most added comments advocating calm and a commitment to a negotiated settlement and a two-state solution.

Alan Baker, an International Law expert at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, told WIN, “Once the dust settles there will be movement toward Jerusalem. Currently there is a huge panic because of the dire comments by the French, British, Turks, Jordanians and Palestinians. When things settle down, I think the Australians will come along and I would hope that other friendly states will do so as well.”

Baker, a former Israeli ambassador to Canada, added, “I would expect Canada to move and it’s appropriate, but the present Canadian government has taken a step back from the former, more supportive government.”

Curiously silent on the issue in recent days is Russia. Last April, in a surprise move, Moscow announced that it considers western Jerusalem to be Israel’s capital. The Kremlin had issued a statement, reading, “We reaffirm our commitment to the UN-approved principles for a Palestinian-Israeli settlement, which include the status of East Jerusalem as the capital of the future Palestinian state. At the same time, we must state that in this context we view West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.”

Israel’s position: Jerusalem is the united capital

In May, Israelis and Jews around the world celebrated 50 years since the reunification of Jerusalemduring the Six Day War. The official position of the Israeli government is that Jerusalem must remain the undivided capital of the Jewish state. Ahead of Trump’s speech, the leading opposition parties supported that position. Speaking Wednesday at the Jerusalem Post‘s Diplomatic Conference, Yesh Atid party leader Yair Lapid expressed hope that the president would recognize a “united Jerusalem.” Avi Gabby, head of the Zionist Union alliance, told Israel Radio, “Jerusalem will remain undivided under Israeli sovereignty in any future peace agreement.”

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ECI välkomnar USA:s erkännande av Jerusalem som Israels huvudstad

PRESSMEDDELANDE

ECI välkomnar USA:s erkännande av Jerusalem som Israels huvudstad – Uppmanar till bön för fred i Jerusalem

Bryssel, 6 december 2017 – Europeiska koalitionen för Israel välkomnar Amerikas Förenta staters erkännande av Jerusalem som staten Israels huvudstad.

”Detta tillkännagivande, som borde ha kommit för länge sedan, är ett erkännande av verkligheten”, sade ECI:s grundare och direktor Tomas Sandell i ett uttalande på onsdag kväll. ”Obestridda fakta på ort och ställe är att Jerusalem är säte för den israeliska regeringen, dess domstolsväsende och dess parlament Knesset. Varje gång en utländsk dignitär har rest till Jerusalem för att träffa Israels ledare har de redan erkänt dess status som de facto-huvudstad för Israel.”

Han konstaterade att ”sedan kung David gjorde Jerusalem till huvudstad i Israel för ungefär 3 000 år sedan har staden fungerat som nationell huvudstad för endast en folkgrupp, det judiska folket.”

Medan USA:s tillkännagivande erkänner Jerusalem som huvudstad för staten Israel, lämnar det många av de mest omstridda frågorna öppna inför de slutliga förhandlingarna om stadens status.

Vid en konferens i Europaparlamentet i Bryssel tidigare på dagen påminde ECI:s juridiske rådgivare Andrew Tucker åhörarna om att ”Israel är en demokratisk rättsstat som strävar efter att beskydda alla sina invånares medborgerliga och religiösa rättigheter, detta gäller både judar och icke-judar.” ”Det finns ingen bättre garanti för ett öppet och inkluderande Jerusalem där judar, kristna och muslimer kan fortsätta att tillbe sida vid sida på sina respektive heliga platser än israelisk överhöghet.”

Medan man välkomnar USA:s erkännande, uppmanar ECI alla parter till återhållsamhet, lugn och dialog.

ECI uppmanar alla religioners ledare att avsäga sig våld och söka vägar till fred och samexistens och uppmanar till bön för fred i Jerusalem.

Europeiska koalitionen för Israel har genomgående förespråkat ett internationellt erkännande av det enade Jerusalem som staten Israels huvudstad. Den 5 juni 2017 i New York, vid 50 årsjubileet för Jerusalems återförening, överräckte ECI ett öppet brev med rubriken ”Håll Jerusalem enat som staten Israels huvudstad” till Jerusalems borgmästareNir Barkat. Brevet hade undertecknats av över 100 globala ledare, bland dem regeringsministrar och parlamentariker från många länder.

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Statements by PM Netanyahu and French President Macron 6:20

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Netanyahu förutspår att EU kommer att följa Trump i frågan om Jerusalem

BRUSSELS (Reuters) – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, visiting the European Union, praised U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as his country’s capital on Monday and said he expected Europeans to follow suit.

 

“It makes peace possible because recognising reality is the substance of peace, the foundation of peace,” Netanyahu told reporters as he was greeting by EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini before a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Brussels.

“There is now an effort an effort to bring forward a new peace proposal by the American administration. I think we should give peace a chance. I think we should see what is presented and see if we can advance this peace.”

Netanyahu said Trump’s move, condemned by the Palestinians and by European governments, should be emulated by them.

“It’s time that the Palestinians recognise the Jewish state and also recognise the fact that it has a capital. It’s called Jerusalem,” he said.

“I believe that, even though we don’t have an agreement yet, this is what will happen in the future. I believe that all, or most, of the European countries will move their embassies to Jerusalem, recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and engage robustly with us for security, prosperity and peace.”

Mogherini, welcoming Netanyahu on the first visit to the EU by an Israeli premier in 22 years, that the bloc would continue to recognise the “international consensus” on Jerusalem.

She repeated the Union’s commitment to a two-state solution and that it was in Israel’s interest to find a sustainable solution to its conflict with the Palestinians. The EU, she said, would step up its peace efforts and would hold talks with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas next month.

She also condemned attacks on Israel and on Jews elsewhere in the world, including in Europe. Trump’s plan to move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, which the secretary-general of the United Nations said could damage peace efforts, has prompted sometimes violent protests.

A demonstration condemning Netanyahu’s visit is planned for later in the morning in Brussels.

The Israeli leader stressed his country’s partnership with Europe, saying its intelligence cooperation had helped prevent militant attacks while its security role in the Middle East had curbed Islamic State’s expansion in the region.

He also highlighted Israel’s economic contribution in new technologies. Mogherini said the EU and Israel were “friends and partners”.

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Austria Says ”NO MORE!” To Islamisation

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Three arrested in firebomb attack on Swedish synagogue

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